Difference between revisions of "Commands"

From DOSBoxWiki
Jump to: navigation, search
(Undo revision 4225 by Isomequf (Talk))
m (CD (Change Directory))
Line 1: Line 1:
 
== CD (Change Directory) ==
 
== CD (Change Directory) ==
:Allows you to move up and down a directory tree.  '''CD''' is simple to use, just type  
+
Allows you to move up and down a directory tree.  '''CD''' is simple to use, just type
 
+
 
  CD [Directory-Name]
 
  CD [Directory-Name]
  
:And if the Directory-Name correctly refers to an available directory then you will be moved from your current working directory to the new one.  Once completed, any command you issue will operate under the new working directory, and your prompt will be updated to reflect your current working directory.  Multiple folders can be traversed at once (assuming you know the correct names) by typing their names together with the '''\''' separating them for example
 
  
 +
And if the <code>Directory-Name</code> correctly refers to an available directory then you will be moved from your current working directory to the new one.  Once completed, any command you issue will operate under the new working directory, and your prompt will be updated to reflect your current working directory.  Multiple folders can be traversed at once (assuming you know the correct names) by typing their names together with the '''\''' separating them, for example:
 
  C:\>'''CD SIERRA\KQ5'''
 
  C:\>'''CD SIERRA\KQ5'''
 
  C:\SIERRA\KQ5>
 
  C:\SIERRA\KQ5>
  
:There are also 3 special directories that are available inside every directory which help you simply move around.  They are
 
 
.        which refers to the current directory
 
 
..      which refers to the directory directly above the current directory
 
  
  /       which refers to the root directory
+
There are also 3 special directories that are available inside every directory which help you simply move around. They are:
 +
*<code>'''.'''</code> which refers to the current directory
 +
*<code>'''..'''</code> which refers to the directory directly above the current directory
 +
*<code>'''\'''</code> which refers to the root directory
  
:Once you have moved into a sub directory, you can move back by typing
 
  
 +
Once you have moved into a sub directory, you can move back by typing
 
  C:\SIERRA\KQ5>'''CD ..'''
 
  C:\SIERRA\KQ5>'''CD ..'''
 
  C:\SIERRA>
 
  C:\SIERRA>
  
:And like all other directories you can string them together
 
  
 +
And like all other directories you can string them together:
 
  C:\SIERRA\KQ5>'''CD ..\..'''
 
  C:\SIERRA\KQ5>'''CD ..\..'''
 
  C:\>
 
  C:\>
  
:If you ever need to move back to the root directory you can use the '''\''' alias.
 
  
 +
If you ever need to move back to the root directory you can use the <code>'''\'''</code> alias.
 
  C:\SIERRA\KQ5>'''CD \'''
 
  C:\SIERRA\KQ5>'''CD \'''
 
  C:\>
 
  C:\>

Revision as of 20:27, 21 November 2010

CD (Change Directory)

Allows you to move up and down a directory tree. CD is simple to use, just type

CD [Directory-Name]


And if the Directory-Name correctly refers to an available directory then you will be moved from your current working directory to the new one. Once completed, any command you issue will operate under the new working directory, and your prompt will be updated to reflect your current working directory. Multiple folders can be traversed at once (assuming you know the correct names) by typing their names together with the \ separating them, for example:

C:\>CD SIERRA\KQ5
C:\SIERRA\KQ5>


There are also 3 special directories that are available inside every directory which help you simply move around. They are:

  • . which refers to the current directory
  • .. which refers to the directory directly above the current directory
  • \ which refers to the root directory


Once you have moved into a sub directory, you can move back by typing

C:\SIERRA\KQ5>CD ..
C:\SIERRA>


And like all other directories you can string them together:

C:\SIERRA\KQ5>CD ..\..
C:\>


If you ever need to move back to the root directory you can use the \ alias.

C:\SIERRA\KQ5>CD \
C:\>

CLS

Clears the screen of all input and returns just the current prompt in the upper left hand corner.

COPY

Copy a file
Syntax is COPY <Orignal Filename> <New Filename>
COPY Document.txt CopyOfDocument.TXT

DIR

Lists all of the available files and sub directories inside the current directory. Some variants of this are "dir/p" (pauses after each page) and "dir/w" (this gives a wide view)

DEL

Remove one or more files.

EXIT

Exit from DOSBox

MD

Makes a directory.

MOVE (unsupported)

DOSBox has no MOVE command. Use the REN command to move files.

RD

Removes a directory.

TYPE

Display the contents of a text-file.

REN

Renames one or more files.
Note: Unlike MS-DOS, DOSBox doesn't require the source and target filenames to be in the same folder.

LOADFIX

Loads a program above the first 64K of memory.

LOADHIGH

Loads a program into upper memory (requires xms=true,umb=true)

CHOICE

Waits for a keypress and sets ERRORLEVEL. Displays the given prompt followed by [Y,N]? for yes or no respones.
Used for batch scripts in most cases.
CHOICE "Text to ask"

VER

View and set the reported DOS version. Also displays the running DOSBox version.
To set the reported DOS version use the following:
VER SET <MAJOR> [MINOR]
where MAJOR is the number before the period, and MINOR is what comes after.
Versions can range from 0.0 to 255.255. Any values over 255 will loop from zero. (That is, 256=0, 257=1, 258=2, etc)